Leather is a long-lasting material that is made by tanning animal rawhide and skins. This versatile material is commonly used in fashionable pieces such as shoes, bags, wallets, and belts; however, leather is also found in furniture such as car seats and household couches. To meet the demand for leather’s wide scope of functionality and desirability, a process called laser cutting is put into practice.
What is Laser Cutting?
Laser cutting is an industrial technology that uses a light beam to cut materials. These commercial lasers are typically high powered and use a motion control system; they are led by a CNC or G-code that shapes the desired product pattern. The pattern begins to be cut out once the laser beam is positioned at the material – the cutouts tend to burn or vaporize away, and the edges left are smooth and clear-cut.
A few laser cutting techniques include but are not limited to melt and blow, vaporization cutting, and flame cutting. Melt and blow laser cutting is regularly used on metals – a gas jet blows melted material out of the cutout.
Vaporization cutting makes the beam heat the surface of the material and creates a keyhole. The hole is then deepened as the absorptivity increases, and the hole keeps growing as the material boils and vapor erodes to craft a design. Flame cutting, also known as reactive cutting, essentially burns into the material and resembles a torch-like tool.